I got into one of my science moods this evening, watching a program about current theories of the existence of our universe. PBS had an interesting show being broadcast, with scientific discussions of the nature of what we are attempting to comprehend about the cosmos. I did sit, while trying to keep up with comprehending about what was being discussed and proposed by researchers who presented their ideas.
The concept of a multiverse seems to be expanding (pathetic pun…). Ideas are being proposed, which state that our known universe is expanding from a point of initial explosion, The Big Bang. This creationary dispersal not only allowed for the creation of our universe, but it is being suggested that other universes emerged from this point, also.
The speaking scientists began to discuss dark energy, and they questioned why there seems to be a lack of it within our universe. As by the levels of current studies, scientists are suggesting that there should be more dark energy present within our universe. The lack of this dark energy seems to suggest that what should be present actually is located within another location. Fragile suggestions propose that the other locations are other universes.
Scientists are working to find out whether or not there actually is a multiverse. This would be a collection of universes. It is not known as to how many universes there could be, and that may never be known. Yet, it is being said that our universe is expanding, and scientists are working to understand what force is causing this continuous, outward propulsion. One suggestion is that dark energy is present, and it is responsible for the expanding universe.
Continued suggestions state that dark energy would be either excessive, or not present at all within a multiverse. The concept of string theory presents the notion of extra universes and extra dimensions. This theory suggests that there are additional dimensions that exist in conjuction with time, and the three spatial dimensions with which we are familiar: height, length, and width. String theory proponents propose that six additional dimensions are present, which nudges an opening to the idea of a multiverse.
Dr. Paul Steinhardt of Princeton University has been working to make some reasonable levels of comprehension in regard to this idea. Dr. Steinhardt, and several other scientists, have been working to find solid reasonings to support the multiverse concept. Their studies involve the understanding of string theory and dark energy. This includes the proposal that our universe should not exist in solitude because of a lack of dark energy present. Strings are found within dark energy, and an unusually amount of strings are being found within the studied regions of the universe. The suggestion continues to propose that due to a lack of strings found within the known universe, other universes must exist to balance the level of strings that should be present within the greater workings of spacetime.
This proposal expands to the idea of a multiverse. Several universes could, should exist, if at least to account for the level of strings needed to fill the levels of dark energy that should be present. Additionally, the needed amount of strings for a multiverse to exist proposes that additional dimensions should exist. These would be added to the known measurements of height, length, and width. Now, this is where I will admit to having fallen off of the subject. Yet, the proposal did continue to explain that there likely are the necessary amounts of strings present, and that an actual multiverse does exist.
These researchers are proposing that an excess of dark energy and strings, as yet to be discovered, do indicate the existence of a multiverse. The current levels of dark energy within our universe are causing it’s expansion, as well as possibly causing the expansion of any other possible universes. The scientists are referring to this theory as eternal inflation, or the continuous expansion of the multiverse!
Obviously, I will need to do more reading and research of this topic. It is very interesting to me, and I would need to get a greater level of understanding before I could attempt to explain it, accurately. I did attempt to start comprehending all of it when the program discussed the studies of Johannes Kepler, and his reasonings of why Earth is situated at such a precise distance from The Sun to allow life to exist. This fact of distances between our planet and The Sun, along with the precision of distances between other astronomical bodies is supposed to figure into a logical rationale that could give proper explanation to the existence of a multiverse, and how strings factor into connections that allow for the precise distances necessary for all things to function, as situated within the seemingly perfect and undisturbed settings that are currently recognized.
Alright; enough! I have missed Letterman because I called myself trying to gain some understanding of this subject. It does interest me, so I will go ahead and put forth some levels of effort to attempt comprehending what I have tried to explain, so that I can try to be clear about that which I am talking/blogging. Like I wrote earlier, all of this does interest me, and I am into lifting weights…..
SEE THESE SITES!!!
It is no secret that our planet is heating up. Earth is warming to dangerously high levels, which will place the very survival of humanity in jeopardy. Several statements and discussions have been made by those whom study this subject regularly, and whom actually know the details behind the factors that sustain this subject. Anticipations project that our planet will experience a significant rise in it’s overall temperature during this century.
Details are revealing that Earth will have a two-degree increase in it’s overall temperature by 2100. That might not sound like much, until you factor in that this increase involves the entire planet. This temperature change, although it may sound miniscule, will have a major effect in the manner in which Earth is capable of supporting life.
Climatologists are estimating that our planet will have an exceptional level of global warming. Researchers whom work with The United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization are stating fervently that the levels of greenhouse gases around the globe are reaching record levels. Furthermore, these levels are increasing, with very little being done to abate their abusive advances. While several nations allegedly are working to limit individual productions of greenhouse gases, it does seem as if the overall efforts are not beneficial.
The United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization is stating that three specific greenhouse gases have extreme levels, and they continue to increase. While several nations are making efforts to reduce these dangerous emissions, the majority of the tactics are not working. Due to this, concerned world leaders are having a meeting that will be held in South Africa, during next week. The discussion will focus upon global climate change.
A similar session was held in Copenhagen, during 2009. At that meeting, agreements were made to set limits that were supposed to maintain the levels of dangerous emissions and productions that have been contributing to global warming. As these levels continue to increase at seriously dangerous levels, another session will occur in South Africa. This is to occur in the city of Durban, lasting from November 28 to December 9. At this meeting, world leaders are supposed to discuss global warming, while presenting plans to curtail the devastation that this climatic catastrophe is presenting to our planet.
Talks are supposed to occur that will allow world leaders to recognize what laws and policies are in place within various locations around the planet. Various national laws to cope with climate change, and to address methods of curtailing the dangerous effects, will be examined. Ideas for new methods and national laws to assist with this planetary problem will be presented, while focusing on the actions currently in place by Australia and China. These nations already have initiated plans to reduce pollution, and they are working to create additional ideas that are meant to suggest methods of more efficient energy use.
It is The International Energy Agency which is displaying how the current methods of energy use and global pollution will lead into an overall situation of global decline. The IEA is specifying that extreme levels of climate and weather changes will occur, provided that our planet remains on it’s current, human-lead path. Estimates show that by 2020, dangerous emissions will have risen by twenty percent from the present levels. Such an increase will raise the overall temperature of the planet by 38.3 degrees, Fahrenheit. This temperature change has the capability to produce severe droughts, and excessive levels of rainfall around the planet. IEA officials are saying that changes need to be made by 2017, lest a mandatory, zero-carbon emission policy is put into place for every nation by 2035. The longer that delays to make these changes occur, the greater will be the amount of money that is needed to curtail the deadly effects of climate change.
The agreements set by The Kyoto Protocol were invoked, as levels of encouragement to move into immediate action. During this 1997 international meeting, held in Japan, nations agreed upon a treaty that was meant to reduce the dangerous effects of global warming by significant levels. Thirty-seven nations agreed immediately to work toward efforts at reducing global warming by drastically cutting their productions of the four major greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and sulfur hexaflouride). However, The United States was NOT one of these nations!
The U.S. has implemented the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. This began during 2009, with plans to reduce power emissions from ten states. Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachussetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont have agreed to cut energy wasting within their borders. However, as forty other states have not committed to any solid plans to assist with greenhouse gas reduction, The United States remains at the back end of the path to promote any permissable plans that will protect our planet!
However, nations within North America, along with Asia, Australia, Europe, and Oceania, have committed to plans for protecting against, if not preventing, climate change. These will present meaningful efforts to curtail the dangerous effects of greenhouse gas emissions, and other serious problems that will create dangerous, if not deadly levels, of alterations that humanity is inflicting upon Earth. Particularly, it seems as if The Kyoto Protocol is the most effective plan, to-date, that means to work toward reducing the effects of global warming.
The levels of greenhouse gases that are being emitted around our planet, at extreme levels, require immediate reduction, if not an altogether elimination. If immediate action does not happen, it is certain that levels of global warming will increase. This ultimately will lead to extreme levels of ocean rising, polar ice cap melting, sporadically heavy rainfalls, intense droughts, unusual animal migrations, increases of insect populations, and uncontrolled animal extinctions. These major changes ultimately will lead to drastic changes within planetary ecosystems, which likely will lead to a major threat to our own survival as a species.
SEE THESE SITES!!!
It is not Apophis, yet it is attracting a lot of attention! Due to it’s current position and path, all cognizant eyes were set toward the skies this evening to see a near-grazing of the planet. An asteroid was en route to buzz Planet Earth around supper time!
It is 5:31 p.m. CST right now. This asteroid, 2005 YU55, is supposed to have buzzed by Earth within a range of 202,000 miles! According to distances in space, that nearly is a smacking! The actual positioning of the space rock brought it in between Earth and The Moon. Yet, the experts working with N.A.S.A. are saying that 2005 YU55 will NOT collide with Earth. It is locked within a revolution of our planet, but it is not expected to impact the planet at any time during this century.
YU55 apparently is one of a group of space rocks that pass within near distances of our planet, regularly. Asteroids of this size rush by Earth usually one time per century, with one actually impacting the planet once every 100,000 years. It is recognized that impacts upon Earth by asteroids and meteors have occurred many times in our planet’s history because of all of the past evidence of collisions. These types of incidences invoke recollections of the 1908 Tunguska impact, which devastated more than 800 miles of Russia, while creating an explosion that was 1,000 times more powerful than the World War II atomic detonation at Hiroshima.
N.A.S.A. currently is involved with a possibly miniscule program that is geared toward finding asteroids that could collide with Earth. The space organization works with The Jet Propulsion Laboratory to track space-faring objects that have the potential to bring damage to our planet. During 2009, the organizations compiled a report to give details about the numbers of asteroids that pose potential threats to our planet. The information colleced between them, accompanied by findings accumulated by The W.I.S.E. Telescope, show that a possible amount of 20,000 asteroids and meteors, ranging between .062 miles wide and .621 miles wide, could be within paths that might bring them toward impacts upon Earth.
2005 YU55 is supposed to be roughly 1,300 feet wide. It is supposed to be extremely dark, black, due to being carbon-filled. It is the largest asteroid to come within a near distance to Earth over the past thirty-five years. The exact calculations show that it is to pass by Earth within 201, 700 miles by 5:28 p.m. CST. This is in between the distance that separates Earth from The Moon. However, A telescope will be required to view it because it will remain small to the eye, and likely hidden behind other space objects. Another asteroid will not pass so close to our planet until October 2028.
SEE THESE SITES!!!
Rest in peace, Heavy D.
This evening offered the time to see a very good film! I was elated with the chance to see another science-fiction film, and I was excited because some of my favorite, rising stars are a part of the cast. As all of those factors were into play, watching In Time was all the more enthusing!
A story beginning in a not-so-distant future; humans are depicted as being genetically engineered. People do not age past the age of twenty-five. Will Salas (Justin Timberlake) is living in this future world at age fifty, yet he has not aged past thirty years. Will is a part of a futuristic society where human beings have genetically-engineered implants in their arms. Each implant contains the lifetime allotments that are allowed to each person whom hosts the device. These implants are used to measure and to deduct time for all actions of the people of whom they are within.
Will winds up involved assisting a man who has over one-hundred years stored. People are coming from all over, trying to find, and trying to kill this man to get hold of his years. He is Henry, and at age 105, he is ready to die. Henry winds up with Will, as they are hiding from time thieves. They get into a hidden storage facility, where they hide overnight. During that night, Henry secretly slips to Will all of his excess time, which is a total of one-hundred years, then Henry is killed!
The next day, Will is shocked, and he gives ten years to his best friend. He attempts to assist a dying woman, yet she dies in his arms before he can give her any time. Meanwhile, the body of Will’s time donor is picked up by police, leading them to seek the man’s killer. Will knows that he is an immediate suspect, so he assumes a low profile!
Will proceeds to travel, making various time payments to people with whom he owed debts. He ended up losing an entire year while trying to avenge his mother. Then, he pays a nice amount to get a hotel suite; a location where Timekeeper Raymond Leon (Cillian Murphy) is staying. Officer Leon winds up tracking Will because Will is behaving very carelessly with his time, and other officers have been tracking Will. Also, Officer Leon means to keep an eye out for Will because he knew Will’s father.
Will wound up blowing off a year to enter a casino-hotel. He gets into a time-betting game, calling one bet, and he wins! Will regains his lost time, as well as surplus years. Then, Will meets Sylvia (Amanda Seyfried), who is the daughter of the man who lost to Will in this time bet. Sylvia has insightful words for Will, as they proceed to swim at the beach outside of the casino-hotel.
Suddenly, police arrive! Timekeeper Leon with them, and he is tracking Will because of the reports of Will’s excessive amounts of time, and his flagrant usage of it. Will is questioned, and he reveals that a man named Henry Hamilton (Matt Bomer) gave him all of the extra years. Then, Timekeeper Leon takes Will’s time, claiming it was unauthorized, and he leaves Will with a mere two hours for processing procedures!
Will suddenly outbursts, and he kidnaps Sylvia! They drive off and into the night, with Timekeeper Leon and police following them! Leon rams their car, they proceed to drive recklessly, then Sylvia and Will wind up in a car wreck. Time thugs are at the scene, and the thieves take a decade of life from the injured Sylvia. This leaves her only with thirty-one minutes of life left to live!
Will gives Sylvia some of his time, but they only have a small amount left between the both of them. Timekeeper Leon gets to the wreck site, yet he sees that Will is on the run. Will and Sylvia do make it to the home of a friend of his, yet their time has been reduced to three minutes! It is the home of the man who gave Will all of the extra time in the first place. The man has gotten drunk, as time thieves arrive. They steal the man’s ample time, and they kill him!
Will and Sylvia are on the run! They trade Sylvia’s diamonds to thieves to get two days of life. Yet, they are trying to reach Sylvia’s father, who allegedly has eons of time. Will contacts Timekeeper Leon, to negotiate over Sylvia’s time. Her parents are able to give up to 1,000 years to get their daughter to safety.
Will and Sylvia are in hiding, and Will reveals that he grew up without parents. He tells that he had a time-poor childhood, as Sylvia tells that she had a privileged youth, due to her time-rich father, Phillippe (Vincent Kartheiser). They reach a point where Sylvia has only eleven hours left, so they proceed to a time-share pawn shop! As Sylvia is trying to contact her father, Officer Leon arrives. He aimed to shoot Will, but Sylvia shot Officer Leon, first! Will revives Officer Leon with five hours, and Officer Leon is rescued by another timekeeper.
Will and Sylvia pose as Timekeepers to take time from time thieves. There are postings in the area that display Sylvia as wanted by Timekeepers. Timekeeper Leon meets with Phillippe, who wants their assistance to get his daughter back. Leon says that he has placed a new arrest warrant for Will and Sylvia. Also, Phillippe has placed time hunters out to catch Will and Sylvia!
A shootout occurs as Will and Sylvia are running from Phillippe. They escape on a city bus, and they get to a hotel. Bounty hunters are tracking them, as they are stealing time from people who have information about Will and Sylvia. Meantime, Will is gambling his time in some effort to save the both of them. He wins the bet, then he shoots the surrounding thugs so that he and Sylvia can escape!
Will and Sylvia proceed to try assisting the time-poor population. The devise a plan where Sylvia goes to surrender herself to her time-rich father. Then, they kidnap her father, and they get hold of his millions of years worth of stored time! The sudden time loss is reported to high-powered time banks in Greenwich, as Timekeeper Leon is now after Sylvia and Will!
Meanwhile, both of them are in an armored van, which they drive into a time lender’s vault! They take the stored time there, and they distribute it to random people. Timekeeper Leon has gotten wind of these actions, as he orders officers to shoot Sylvia and Will on sight. Also, Sylvia’s father is out to catch them, and he has sent a time hunter to catch them!
A chase ensues, and Timekeeper Leon drives into the car of Sylvia and Will. A foot chase follows, with Will and Sylvia running through time borders. Leon is after them, but he runs out of time before he can reach them, suddenly dying. Will and Sylvia run to get extra time from what was in Leon’s car, and they picked up twenty-four additional hours. Meanwhile, thime share stations around the planet have been helped, as free time is distributed worldwide!
As the year winds down, several good features will premiere! Next week has the release of three films, including Immortals, Adam Sandler in Jack and Jill, and Leonardo Di Caprio in J. Edgar. Finishing November and heading into the holiday season will include A Dangerous Method, Arthur Christmas, Carnage, Hugo, The Iron Lady, Mission Impossible: Ghost Protocol, New Year’s Eve, and Sleeping Beauty!