Following and learning about the continuing studies of space-time is always exciting! I am reading these recent releases about what The Hubble Space Telescope has been doing, specifically regarding it’s latest images of outer space. It’s latest work has to be near the top of the list of the most fascinating discoveries ever!
The Hubble Space Telescope has been taking images of the universe, peering into distances that are not readily understood by any viewer. It has been focusing on a region designated as Hubble Deep Field, which then has peered into Hubble eXtreme Deep Field (I guess…). All of this distant observation of ancient space-time equates to something nearly 80, 240, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000, 000 miles from Earth!
The recent telescopic images of Hubble have gathered images that equate to their existence during the time of the cosmos some 13.2 billion years ago. One image is of a galaxy labeled as UDFj-39546284 (no, clever nicknames did not make the cut….). This galaxy has been imaged as it existed roughly 450 million years after The Big Bang. That is young, in terms of the cosmos, and merely five percent of the current age of the known universe. This galaxy itself supposedly no longer exists, and it has taken so many years for it’s light to be visible by our instruments!
These current pictures of the cosmos have captured images of roughly 5,500 galaxies. The Hubble Space Telescope spent roughly fifty days taking these photographs, adding them to the collection of images stored from Hubble Ultra Deep Field. This is an area of the cosmos, located within the constellation Fornax, a constellation visible from the southern hemisphere. It is situated between the constellations Cetus and Eridanus. Fornax is a part of The Fornax Cluster, a grouping of galaxies and dwarf galaxies that are roughly 500,000 light years away!
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Oh, the movies were great tonight! I had been watching some of the trailers for both of the films that I viewed this evening, which had be excited about seeing each film. I will admit to being pleasantly pleased with what I saw!
Entering film one, we sat down to enjoy Looper! It begins in the year 2044, with a man being killed in a grassy field. The man is a Looper, an assassin from the future who was sent back to take out people on a selected list. The world at this future time is filled with crime and poverty. This Looper is Joe (Joseph Gordon-Levitt), who is working with partner agent Seth (Paul Dano).
Joe has a lead on a target who is meant to be captured. He coordinates with other Loopers who are monitoring a target, seeing that it involves Loopers being killed who no longer were members of the team. Such actions result in the Loopers being paid with bars of silver.
A Looper named Seth (Paul Dano) gets to young Joe’s apartment. Seth means to hide because the agency will be after him due to his not having fulfilled his task. Yet, Joe can not help him, as Loopers arrive to take Seth to his fate! The lead Looper on the task is Abe (Jeff Daniels), also called The Rainmaker. Abe tells Joe that he must turn Seth over to them, lest he surrender half of his earnings from his work!
Joe has a great deal of silver profit from his assignments. He finds himself after a new target, yet something is strange about this person. Joe tries to shoot this man, but he misses. Moments later, the man slugs Joe in the head, knocking him out!
Joe awakens that night, getting back to his apartment, and finding it wrecked. People are inside, so Joe hides. A man does find Joe, but they fight, with Joe winning. As another man shows up to attack Joe, he leaps from the top of his building!
A year passes, and Joe is now in Shanghai. Three years pass, then six more years pass. Ten years pass, then twenty-three more years pass. Joe has now aged (Bruce Willis), now married. It is thirty years after his initial involvement with the Loopers, and he is married. Yet, despite his seeming state of peace, shooters enter Joe’s home, capturing him!
Now masked and tied, Joe is surrounded by his kidnappers. However, Joe is able to break free, killing them, then escaping! It is the same group of men who were sent to kill him, yet Joe was now aware of them. He leaves, going to the field where a younger version of himself is waiting to kill him. Joe beats up his younger self, and he proceeds into town!
It is now 2072, as Joe feels that he has a wounded hand. He sees that a message was cut into his hand from his younger self, telling him to meet his younger self at a restaurant. They eat breakfast, as old Joe tells his younger self about how The Rainmaker sent men back in time to kill him, and how these men killed his wife. Also, Joe tells his younger self that he has gone back in time to kill the younger Rainmaker!
Young Joe is weary of his older self, still meaning to kill his own aged version. Yet, both Joes find themselves under assault by other Loopers! They team up, quickly opting to flee the scene. Then, young Joe takes a map from older Joe, getting coordinates to a farm. There, Joe meets Sara (Emily Blunt), and her child son, Cid (Pierce Gagnon).
Sara converses with Joe, showing her a map. A set of coordinates on the map are the same as Cid’s birthday. It surprises Sara, and it leads Joe to tell her about her future son becoming The Rainmaker. Joe and Sara bond, as he learns that Cid had lived with her sister for some time. That information makes Joe believe that Cid is not really her child, and that Cid may not be The Rainmaker!
However, one Looper returns to Sara’s home to kill all of them. It is then when young Cid becomes angry, and he displays his awesome telekinetic powers. Cid releases an energy burst which kills this Looper! At that point, elder Joe tries to kill Cid. Yet, an enemy agent named Kid Blue (Noah Segan) gets hold of Cid, and Kid Blue is told by younger Joe to leave with Sara.
Elder Joe is taken back to meet with lead Looper, Abe. After a confrontation, Joe kills Abe, along with the rest of Abe’s forces, except for Kid Blue. Joe time travels back to the home of Sara, followed by Kid Blue, and met by his younger self. Both Joes have a brawl, yet they are interrupted by an attacking Kid Blue. It is young Joe who kills Kid Blue, as old Joe prevents Sara from leaving with Cid!
The confrontation goes into adjacent cornfields, where older Joe gets toward Cid, shooting the young Rainmaker. The shot does not kill the boy, as he releases an energy burst of rage! Sara gets to the field just before Cid can kill older Joe, and she calms her son. She places herself between Cid and older Joe, as the elder Looper again tries shooting her son.
Younger Joe arrives to see what is happening. He has a vision of Cid seeing his mother being murdered, and the rage from that sight leading the boy to become The Rainmaker. This prompts young Joe to kill himself, so that his elder self never would exist. This eliminates his older self from ever having been in the field to kill Sara, thus never allowing Cid to develop the inner rage that would lead him to become the rage-inflicting Rainmaker! The loop is closed, as Sara goes onto find a surprise load of silver that Joe left for her. She proceeds with her life and a non-murderous son!
We watched Pitch Perfect, second! This was a film with a surprising level of entertainment that I was not expecting. A young lady named Beca (Anna Kendrick) has enrolled for her freshman collegiate year at Barden University. There, Beca is something of an outcast, not immediately bonding with other students.
After some weeks, Beca finds herself joining the campus female choir. After going through an audition process where each applicant had to sing Since You Been Gone, Beca is now a part of The Barden University Bellas. She is successful with being placed into the soprano section, and she is shocked to recognize that the competition for entering the choir is intense! This is where Beca suddenly is interacting with a group of girls with whom she would not normally bond.
The choir females, lead by Chloe (Brittany Snow), are set on maintaining their singing group as it always has been. The girls all have exceptional singing voices, but they remain under the direction of Chloe, who is convinced that she is the best singer at the campus!
As Beca gets into the group, her voice and presence bring an air of vibrancy. Beca helps the choir by changing their song choices from standard and classic sheet music to contemporary melodies that attract audiences. Despite initial anger and underhanded actions from Chloe, the choir manages to maintain unity, as they prepare for an upcoming regional competition!
The Bellas have to compete against their campus rivals, the all-male chorus called The Treblemakers! Lead by Jesse (Skylar Astin), the male choir has an excellent sound. Yet, they as well find themselves frustrated for campus harmony because of Chloe’s domineering demeanor!
The Bellas find harmony with one another as they bond with group member Amy (Rebel Wilson). Somewhat overweight, she seemingly goes along with her given nickname of Fat Amy, as she displays a powerful singing voice, with a capacity for unifying the choir. It is Amy that helps several of the other females to look past their differences, and their unjustly placed characteristics, to get them into a place of a single-intentioned singing group.
The male and female groups endsup headed for The 2012 Championship of Collegiate Acapella. They travel to New York City, where the contest is held at Lincoln Center. It winds up coming down to a sing-off between The Bellas and The Troublemakers. The Bellas wind up performing a very entertaining song, dance, and rap combination that highlights some of the groups top singers, including Alice (Kether Donohue), Aubrey (Anna Camp), Cynthia Rose (Ester Dean), and Stacie (Alexis Knapp)!
An actually entertaining and intense performances from several choirs, The Bellas win the competition! They are happily congratulated by The Troublemakers, with some eyes of romance seeming to show! All proceeds happily…..
Next week has the anticipated features of Frankenweenie, Taken 2! More of coming films to see during October include Alex Cross, Argo, Cloud Atlas, Here Comes the Boom, Middle of Nowhere, Paranormal Activity 4, Seven Psychopaths, Sinister, and That’s What She Said. The Fall is set for fresh films!!!
I was throwin’ down boogie on some Aaliyah…
I think that many astronomers and exogeologists have suspected that water once flowed freely on Mars. Currently, it is on the planet in the form of ice, and mainly at the polar caps. Yet, many theories have suggested that our solar system’s fourth world was very much akin to Earth. It’s distance from The Sun, and it’s diminuitive size in comparison to our world did not allow Mars to maintain similar characteristics.
Many theories are expanding on the ideas that Mars maintained water at abundant levels. It is believed that the planet had rivers and streams, lakes, and perhaps even oceans. The so-called canals viewed on the planet once were riverbeds, grooves through which prehistoric traces of water flowed. This could have allowed for at least the simplest forms of life, likely microbial, to have come into existence. Of course, if that was the case, the mere suggestion of it would lead into ideas of how life could have escaped Mars, taking hold on other locations of our galaxy, perhaps even spreading to some forms that lived/live on Earth!
Some studies are suggesting that Mars apparently experienced some form of extreme climate change. It’s location ultimately is not suitable to uphold a life-sustaining environment for extended lengths of time. The planet does not get enough heat from The Sun, not allowing it ot maintain an atmosphere, weather, or any of the conditions needed to hold onto a setting for living creatures. As well, Curiosity is not finding any actual evidence of life having existed on Mars, at least not for any significant lengths of time.
I guess that shoots down the suggestion of sentient Martians having existed during that planet’s past. There was not enough time for that level of life to have developed, while Mars actually seemed to be dying prematurely. Without an atmosphere and water having been present for extended amounts of time to support life, nothing could have evolved to points where it became intelligent enough to create technological societies. No, there were no Martian space travelers!
That though is something of a sour note. It suggests that a planet has to be situated in exactly the right location in order for life to evolve, and to continue. It has to abide by the rules of The Goldilocks Zone, lest anything living there is not meant to survive for long. With that in mind, it possibly makes the search for life in other places of the cosmos more difficult. The precise locations have to be located as such, and any planets within those locations have to be situated within them exactly, so that any levels of life will be able to continue, to evolve. Just late-night ranting before bed……
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Planets have been located in some unusual locations, as observed by astronomers. Yet, this is the first recorded time that extrasolar worlds have been viewed, situated in collective groupings of stars. Sometimes stars are situated within groups called star clusters. There actually are two types of star clusters. These stars are situated within the center regions of galaxies.
Globular clusters have thousands to millions of stars that are locked onto one another by the forces of gravity. They can contain anywhere from thousands of stars to millions of stars. Open clusters are believed to be the main locations of stellar formation, and they orbit galaxies at outer locations, or within outer regions of the arms of spiral galaxies.
Astronomers working with Georgia State University have been studying stars that are situated within globular clusters. There has been speculation that stars within particular types of globular clusters that are called open clusters will have planets orbiting them. Teams at G.S.U. have worked with The Fred Lawrence Observatory of The Smithsonian Astrphysical Observatory, searching to identify any planets that possibly may be in orbit of globular cluster stars.
This particular study is supporting an expanding theory about globular cluster stars. These types of stars are believed to have elevated amounts of metals within them. These metallic elements are necessary for a star’s capacity to support orbiting planets. Further uses of any metals within these stars could be important for sustaining planets that could harbor life.
Specifically, stars within Messier 44, The Beehive Cluster, contain metallic levels that are greater than those within The Sun. Such extreme presences of metals would allow terrestrial worlds to form, closer to their host stars, and with the elements likely needed to support what we recognize as life. Current studies of stars with higher than average metals are suspected to be capable of hosting entire planetary systems, some of which should contain terrestrial worlds.
The Beehive Cluster in particular is standing out right now because it has been found to contain to worlds similar to Jupiter. These gas giants, both hot Jupiters, were seemingly strange, at first. It was th0ught that worlds would not be able to form in locations that contained excessive amounts of stars. Yet, the gas giants within M44 are thought to have formed at distant locations form their star, then they migrated inward. This does not seem to allow for the existence of Earth-like worlds within M44.
The search continues! We likely do not know that terrestrial worlds can not exist within orbits beyond, behind, those of gas giant worlds. There possibly could be Earth-like planets situated behind the orbits of the gas giants, located within star clusters. Such an identification could change the way that views of extrasolar planets happen, and the methods that are used to seek extrasolar planets that could be akin to our Earth!
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