Gold! It is not at all something with which we are unfamiliar. For millennia, humanity has yearned for, relished after, and been wanton with the precious metal for reasons of all imagination. The beauty and the brilliance of it has made gold one of the most prime materials of the planet!
Albeit it likely has been a part of the planetary system since the origins of Earth, gold was discovered relatively recently. During the nineteenth century, within January of 1848, General John A. Sutter lead a group of miners in the mountainous regions of California. He and his team entered this area at Coloma, California. The workers ended up excavating a previously unknown element which turned out to be of extreme value! The miners digging within the caves of these mountains were able to dig out gold from beneath the layers of rock.
The gold that these miners excavated amounted to roughly twenty-three carats. It was a valuable discovery, yet it did not prove to be worthwhile for General Sutter and his workers. They wound up losing the diggings to Mexican people, neighbors, as well as rouge employees! Tough Stuff!!!
Gold is considered to be a precious metal, rated as 79 on The Periodic Table of Elements. It is rated above other precious metals that include silver, platinum, palladium, and rhodium. The only precious metal rated higher than gold currently is iridium, which is 77 on The Periodic Table.
Our Earth is the only place we know of to find solid gold deposits. Most of this is located beneath the continental grounds of Africa, The Americas, and Asia. It is the most precious of the precious metals on the planet, as we currently claim eight. These include gold, along with silver, platinum, palladium, osmium, iridium, rhodium, and ruthenium, all in that order.
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Having survived the scare of 2012, the fascination of wandering space chunks does continue! More recent updates are presented that give details about other objects that will present displays to Planet Earth. A recent report relays information on a comet travelling inward from the edges of the solar system, likely to be a sight to see later this year!
Comet C/20012 S1, also called Comet ISON, is being eyed currently, mostly with curiousity and intrigue. This one is not going to pose any threat to the planet, yet it is expected to be a sight that will rival anything that will be seen for over one hundred years. This comet is supposed to illuminate the night skies with such intensity that scientists already are planning to label it as a “comet of the century”!
The comet will fly past The Sun around November 28. It is supposed to pass at a distance of 800,000 miles from the surface of our star. Supposedly, it could survive the incredible heat, and the possible coronal mass ejections, so it will continue on a journey back into the solar system. The power of The Sun’s heat will cause more dust and gas to be released from Comet ISON, allowing it to have an exceptionally lengthy and luminous tail as it approaches Earth on it’s outward journey.
Scientists with N.A.S.A. have been studying Comet ISON, though it was discovered by Russian astronomers Vitali Nevski and Artyom Novichonok. These scientists worked with The International Scientific Optical Network at Kislovodsk, Russia. There, the team of scientists have been studying Comet ISON as it has passed through the outer regions of our solar system, including the intrigues of The Oort Cloud.
Comet ISON will pass nearest to Earth on December 26, 2013. At that point, the comet will be at a distance of 40 million miles from our world. Certified scientists are stating that this comet is NOT a threat to us, and it is NOT going to strike the planet! There is no need to fear…..
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Scientific researchers who actually are getting paid to produce results are revealing information that may or may not be pertinent to the world at large, depending on the general point of view. There is one study that has been conducted which has gone into the details of the geologic situation of The Hawaiian Islands, as they relate to their positioning upon the planet. More precise examinations delve into reviews of how the geologic mechanics of the island of Oahu are showing that it is succumbing to it’s own tectonic activities!
Research from recent studies involved with programs that include Brigham Young University and The United States Geological Survey are showing that major mountains on Oahu eventually will reduce to ground-level basins. It seems that elevated tidal surges will lead to gradual rates of erosion upon the rock surface of Oahu. After years and years of degradation by the continuous water flow, the island eventually will dissolve!
The major mountain range of Oahu, Waianae, and it’s major peak, Koolau, are supposed to diminish to flat, island-like surfaces! They will have dissolved because of increased levels of water upon the island chain, also. Researchers have identified that more than one type of rock comprises The Hawaiian Islands, and that will be a determining factor in identifying how the levels of erosion will affect the rates at which the land levels and mountains are eroding.
Whereas the rock surface of Oahu is eroding, the island itself is projected to expand. As the plate tectonic factors of the planet follow through, the island will grow for a continued 1.5 million years, succumbing to groundwater, then reducing to a lesser area. Studies currently are being done by students at The University of Hawai’i, and they have been published within Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. So, the conclusion might be that Oahu will have reduced in altitude, yet it will have increased it’s overall area!
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Well! December 21, 2012 has passed, and we are still here! Ain’t that some shit! Most people figured there was nothing to the entire Mayan prophecy anyhow. Several of the ancients had forecasts for the future that never panned out to anything significant, or simply were meant to serve as instruments to be used for the benefits of future societies, on some subtle and subliminally significant levels.
The actual scientists, and those making legitimate forecasts, are keeping the general public up to date with as many heads ups as can be publicized. More good news is coming from N.A.S.A., as it’s surveyors have been doing additional research about a possibly threatening asteroid that has the potential to harm Earth during 2040. Their current studies show that this space rock will not bother our planet, either!
This particular asteroid has been designated as 2011 AG5. All likelyhood is that this space rock will not bring any danger to Earth. Current studies from legitimate N.A.S.A. scientists are revealing that this asteroid has less than a one percent chance of striking our planet during the target date of February 5, 2040! Technically, I can still be around, yet I will be an old man. So, I guess that it is good to know that I can focus on life issues which are more pertinent than another hurtling space rock threatening to end all life!
2011 AG5 will get no closer to Earth than twice the distance of the orbit of The Moon. That is no closer than 553,000 miles. Of course, N.A.S.A. scientists, along with astronomers around the planet will be watching out for anything that has the slightest sign of danger for Earth. Current viewings made with the high-powered Gemini North Telescope at Mauna Kea are keeping watch on 2011 AG5, along with any other potentially dangerous space objects that could pose a threat to us.
Actual researchers with The N.A.S.A. Jet Propulsion Laboratory recognize 2011 AG5 as one of 8,744 near-Earth objects that are being viewed, currently. This meteor is roughly 460 feet wide. It travels in an orbital path that runs from slightly beyond the orbit of Mars to midway between the orbits of Earth and Venus. Astronomers discovered it on January 8, 2011.
Mr. Don Yeomans, the manager of The N.A.S.A. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Near-Earth Object Program Office is stating that more viewings of 2011 AG5 will be made during September 2013. At that point, the asteroid will be inside of a 91 million mile range of our planet. This proximity will allow 2011 AG5 to be viewed with greater clarity, and to gain greater projections on it’s future paths.
2011 AG5 is expected to veer nearby Earth again during February 2023. It will come within a distance of ninety-one million miles to our planet. Researchers with JPL will use that pass-by to view the asteroid, making studies of it. The space rock will fly by Earth again during February 2023, at a range of one million miles, and during 2028, passing at a distance of 10.4 million miles.
As well, one study by The Near-Earth Object Program Office states that 2011 AG5 has a 1 in 625 chance of striking Earth on February 5, 2040! Additionally, recent, and equally legitimate studies are further reducing the suggestion of an asteroid impact upon Earth during 2040. Studies out of The Gemini Observatory at Hilo, Hawai’i are working with a team of astronomers from The University of Hawai’i. Their studies have given the skies an “all clear” for that date, as 2011 AG5 is NOT supposed to pose any threat to Earth, and the asteroid has been rated at zero for it’s danger level, as designated by The Torino Impact Hazard Scale.