The Largest Black Hole Ever Known?

November 29, 2012 at 11:13 PM (astronomy topics, curious research, current news, extraterrestrial studies, historic review, late night studies, science and technology, web gossip)


That’s a huge b—-, black hole!  The studies of the skies and the depths of outer space continue, with new and intriguing discoveries being made all of the time!  One of the latest finds is a black hole that is truly monstrous!

Scientific researchers using The Hubble Space Telescope have been able to observe details about a distant galaxy that has been labeled NGC 1277.  This galaxy is some 220 million light years from Earth (no, we won’t be visiting it…).  It can be observed within what we have designated as Perseus Constellation.

NGC 1277 itself first was viewed during 1875.  Sir Lawrence Parsons, The 4th Earl of Rosse, was the one who made the discovery of this galaxy.  Parsons, accompanied by his wife (also an astronomer…), worked together to make this find.  Their telescope was dubbed as The Leviathan of Parsonstown, and it was supposed to be the largest telescope of that time period!

Studies of this far away galaxy have been focusing on it’s core black holeSupermassive black holes exist at the centers of galaxies, and the one found at the heart of NGC 1277 has captured much attention because of it’s size.  This particular galaxy is merely one tenth the size of our home galaxy, The Milky Way.  Yet, it’s central black hole is seventeen billion times as massive as The Sun, while expanding to a distance that is greater than the orbit of Neptune around our star.  This black hole just might be the largest black hole within the known universe!

The Hobby-Eberly Telescope at McDonald Observatory is where NGC 1277 first was viewed.  Astronomers at UT-Austin have said that studies of this galaxy show that it is comprised mainly of it’s central black hole.  They may designate it as the first known galaxy of it’s kind, being mostly black hole, with comparably lesser amounts of star systems encircling the center.  WOW!!! 

This image shows the disk galaxy NGC 1277, as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope. The small, flattened galaxy has one of the biggest central super-massive black holes ever found in its center.

SEE THESE SITES!!!

http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/article00750.html

http://www.space.com/18668-biggest-black-hole-discovery.html

http://www.nature.com/…harbours-super-hefty-black-hole-1.11913

http://www.foxnews.com/science/2012/11/29/monster-black-hole-biggest-ever-found/

http://news.yahoo.com/monster-black-hole-biggest-ever-found-182448781.html

http://lwww.livescience.com/25101-biggest-black-hole-discovery.html

http://www.nature.com/…harbours-super-hefty-black-hole-1.11913

Galaxy-01.gif (33148 bytes)

Really!!!

(the black hole….)

 

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Is That You, Mars?

November 28, 2012 at 8:58 PM (astronomy topics, curious research, current news, extraterrestrial studies, historic review, public debate, science and technology, web gossip)


The excitement about Mars just keeps coming and coming!  Latest news broadcasts are delivering uplifting information about what seem to be set plans for Earthlings to reach The Red Planet.  Yet, the plans still seem to be not as cohesive as needed!

Currently, N.A.S.A. is about to make an announcement.  This coming Monday, December 3, 2012, our national space program plans to broadcast details about an allegedly stunning find.  The rover Curiosity reportedly has been successful with locating something major during it’s recent explorations.  The general public will not know what this is until next week, but it is being pumped with anticipatory excitement!

What could it be?  Of course, many would like to speculate that actual traces of life were found!  Imagine that some actual traces of life were located from the probings beneath the Martian surface!  What could that mean, would that mean?  The implications are enormous!

If traces of life have been located, are to be located on Mars, that could justify, would justify the belief that life is abundant throughout the universe.  Yet, it likely would be necessary to recapture the understanding about outer space, even our Milky Way, being so vast that life on other worlds may never be identified within any reasonable lengths of a human lifespan.  However, a finding of life having been present at a location as close to Earth as Mars should suggest that other life-bearing locations are not that far away from us!

The European Space Agency currently has it’s ExoMars Programme underway.  It should arrive at our fourth world during 2016, after a nine month journey.  The Trace Gas Orbiter will release the Entry, Descent, and Landing Module (The EDM), to penetrate Mars’ atmosphere, landing upon the planet’s surface.  The Trace Gas Orbiter will remain in orbit of Mars, receiving signals and details about what The EDM locates!

The initial launchings are supposed to occur during January of 2016.  By October 2016, The Trace Gas Orbiter should have reached Mars, releasing The EDM to land upon the planet.  This mission is planned to last until December 2022, hopefully having located significant evidence of something spectacularly significant, even traces of prior life on Mars!

As an aside, The Viking Missions that journeyed to Mars during the 1970’s did make analyses to locate life.  The data that was returned is being reexamined now.  Updated equipment is expected to make more significant studies of the samples to realize whether or not any microbial amounts of biological evidence were captured at that time.

Mars panorama nov. 2012.jpg

SEE THESE SITES!!!

http://exploration.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?objectid=46124
http://in.news.yahoo.com/curiosity-result-may-confirm-life-mars-092900059.html
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?objectid=47884
http://www.marsnews.com/focus/life
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/47031923/ns/technology_and_science-space/t/viking-robots-found-life-mars-scientists-say/
http://thesun.co.uk/…/Nasa-Evidence-of-life-on-Mars.html
http://www.geekosystem.com/life-on-mars-36-years-ago
 

 martes.gif (24681 bytes)

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Getting To and Fro In the Future World of Now!

November 27, 2012 at 9:52 PM (curious research, current news, historic review, human life issues, legal issues, public debate, science and technology, social opinion, web gossip)


The future is here!  Online news clips are posting details about the upcoming changes in the way that the U.S. traveller will manage to and fro across the nation.  Expectations are showing how advances in technology will allow for more efficient levels of travel, while the almighty dollar still will reign supreme in regard to all who mean to take part in public transportation services!

Air travel is expected to be understood as an adventure that will cost money!  The airlines that provide any and every luxury to frequent fliers are expected to raise all prices for all services.  Fliers who regularly transport by plane are being prognosticated to become divided between groups of average travelers and “super elite” passengers, based upon the amounts of money paid to airlines, and the frequency of those payments from certain groups of air travelers.

Train travel will increase, as major rail transporter Amtrak already has reached an annual record of over thirty-one million passengers!  This major rail company is boasting record numbers of travellers, stating that it has had more passengers during 2012 than all of it’s time since it’s inception during 1971.  Rail riding will be enhanced by the increased use of upgraded urban rail systems within the nation’s major cities!

Attention is being cast, possibly with cautious eyes, to the upcoming options of self-driving automobiles!  Major automobile corporation Volvo has been experimenting with self-driving cars that are being called “Road Trains”.  These will be automatically propelled vehicles that will be directed through wireless signals sent from people at locations outside of the cars!  The self-driving cars, already taking to California and Nevada roads, are expected to make alterations and upgrades to the point where drivers’ licenses will not be needed by 2040!  Some predict that these vehicles without the need of human control actually could be safer than the usual person behind the wheel deal.  They could serve as reasonable transportation options for the handicapped, or even for the excessively intoxicated!

It is a changing world, a progressing world!  Technology is moving at ever-increasing rates, as society may or may not actually be ready for it all!  It is recommended that all who fly, ride, or drive to all designated destinations be prepared for the immediately coming upgrades to public transportation.  Once all of the technical issues are handled, and all legal issues are quelled, the way will seem to be clear for these ideas of the future to be presented as now! 

SEE THESE SITES!!!

http://www.unisys.com/news/detail.jsp?id=1120000970022110201

http://science.howstuffworks.com/transport/engines-equipment/train5.htm

http://www.newsoffuture.com/about_the_future.html

http://www.aerospaceguide.net/spacefuture/index.html

http://travel.usatoday.com/flights/post/2011/06/airbus-aircraft-of-the-future/174521/1

http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_9489000/9489104.stm

http://www.popsci.com/category/tags/future-travel

http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/27/travel/future-travel/index.html

 ufos-0027.gif from 123gifs.eu Download & Greeting Card 

 

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Interesting Details About A Distant Galaxy

November 27, 2012 at 1:45 AM (astronomy topics, curious research, current news, extraterrestrial studies, late night studies, science and technology, web gossip)


If I had realized that I would be this interested in studying what is taking place within outer space, I likely would have followed that route of study.  I have been fascinated with astronomy ever since I can recall.  Yet, it always was the mathematics involved that truly deterred my actual interest.  I sucked at math, and I had no interest in doing things that meant having to work out extended equations to reach my desired results.  Anyway….

I was doing more web browsing, looking at some of the links about current studies of outer space.  Looking out to a galaxy far, far away, The Hubble Space Telescope has captured an image of ESO 499-G37.  It is observed to be situated between the borders of the constellations Antlia and Hydra.  Scientific researchers first eyed ESO 499-G37 during the end of the 1970s (just coming down from being very spaced-out….).

Hubble is seeing this galaxy from an angular perspective, where it’s full spiral structure can be viewed with clarity.  Viewers working with N.A.S.A. and The European Space Agency are seeing where ESO 499-G37 is a barred-spiral galaxy, and it’s arms are full of several hot and young stars.  Additionally, the arms have ample amounts of dust and gas, indicating that stars are in the process of being created!

The core of ESO 499-G37 is centered within the bar structure, which is estimated as being no more than a time-length of three hundred light years.  This is one-tenth the length of a usual barred-spiral galaxy’s nucleus, such as our Milky Way.  The core is bright, bulging, and elongated, yet it is one-tenth the size of the central bars within most spiral galaxies.  The studying scientists are working to find a link between the central bars and the core bulge of barred-spiral galaxies.

ESO 499-G37 is situated mainly within the southern region of Hydra Constellation, and within parts of Antlia Constellation.  Antlia is 94.26 light years away from us, and Hydra is roughly 140 million light years away (no, they are not neighbors…).

NASA's Hubble Telescope Eyes a Loose Spiral Galaxy. (ESA/NASA/Hubble)

SEE THESE SITES!!!

http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewsr.html?pid=42697

http://www.spacetelescope.org/images/potw1247a

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121123093738.htm

 http://www.tgdaily.com/space-features/67668-hubble-spots-a-loose-spiral-galaxy

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/eso499-g37.html   

http://scitechdaily.com/hubble-views-spiral-galaxy-eso-499-g37/

http://www.clarksvilleonline.com/2012/11/26/nasas-hubble-space-telescope-spies-spiral-galaxy-near-the-constellation-of-hydra/

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121123093738.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencedaily%2Fspace_time%2Fastronomy+%28ScienceDaily%3A+Space+%26+Time+News+–+Astronomy%29

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A Spectacular Story of Survival at Sea!

November 24, 2012 at 3:07 AM (animal activism, current news, health care reviews, historic review, human life issues, movie reviews, music and entertainment, social opinion, web gossip)


I made it back to the nearby movie theater, anxious to view this particular film.  Life of Pi, the latest release from celebrated director Ang Lee, has been in television reviews, Internet postings, et cetera, for months.  The film has been getting some Academy Award buzz as well, so it was natural that I was eager to watch the movie!

The story starts at a biological reserve, with various animal species being shown.  A zoo worker named Pi is startled by a nearby, caged reptile.  Yet, it is from the mouth of Pi that this story is delivered!

Pi recalls memories of his youth, being teased about his name by other children.  Rude kids would tell him that his full name sounded like someone pissing!  This lead him to simply refer to himself as Pi, using information such as the sixteenth letter of the Greek alphabet and the mathematical figure 3.14 as sources of origin for his new moniker.

Pi was an intelligent young man.  He was strong with mathematics, and he became popular at school because of his knowledge.  His parents were well-to-do, as his father opened a zoo, and his mother was a botanist.  During this time, Pi proclaimed himself to be Catholic Hindu, when he first learned of the god Krishna.

Pi idolized the Hindu gods, following his mother’s faith.  Yet, as he grew, Pi became aware of Christianity, learning about the sufferings of Jesus.  He continued with this learning, as his religious fervor lead him to Hinduism, then ultimately to the worship of Allah.  However, Pi’s father was somewhat difficult, but he lead Pi to rational thinking.  This brought forth a desire to be baptized, as Pi now was Christian, Hindu, Jewish, and Muslim all at once!

Young Pi worked at a local zoological center, where he became acquainted with a captured tiger that was called Richard Parker.  Pi chose to feed Richard meat, seeing that the tiger swallowed it in mere seconds!  Pi’s father showed him that Richard truly was a killer, as he let his son watch the tiger attack, then devour a young lamb, whole!

Pi read poetry.   He studied music, and he played an instrument for a dance class.  During the rehearsals, Pi met Anna Lee, a young dancer.  She taught Pi about dance and music through rhythmic interpretation.  As their bond strengthened, Pi took Anna Lee to be introduced to Richard Parker, the tiger!

Pi learned more about the nature of animals through teachings by his father. Pi soon learned that his dad was selling the zoo, and they were moving to Canada.   Both of them boarded a ship, and Pi spoke with no one but Anna Lee before his family moved away.

Aboard the ship, Pi learned of nature and the weather.  The vessel with Pi and his family headed for Japan.  All of the animals from his father’s zoo were aboard the boat, also!  During a stormy night, Pi went onto the deck, where he saw that the ship was about to capsize!

The vessel did sink, and Pi found himself underwater.  His family had drowned.  Some of the animals still were alive, barely swimming, as Pi got hold of a water-soaked lifeboat.  He had a zebra with him, and they floated into more stormy waters.  Then, out of seemingly nowhere, the enormous tiger, Richard Parker, lept from the water, and onto the lifeboat!  Out of complete fear, Pi jumped out of the boat, immediately into the raging water!

Night had arrived and the terror continued.  Sharks encircled Pi while he was in the ocean, hanging onto a piece of wood.  Pi saw that Richard Parker had lept into the water also, so he swam back to the boat.  Aboard was a zebra, and Pi set with it as he wept for his family.

As day broke, Pi was awakened by the sounds of the hyena and the zebra from the zoo.  An orangutan was on the boat also, so Pi named the boat Pi’s Ark!  Adrift within The Indian Ocean, the hyena attacked the zebra, eating it.  The orangutan, which Pi had named Orange Juice, got seasick, and it was killed by the hyena, also.  Suddenly, Richard Parker lept from the sea, attacking, then killing the hyena! 

Immediate terror lead Pi to jump overboard!  While in the water, sharks began to appear.  Pi made it back to the boat, where Richard Parker was calm for the moment.  He later emerged to snack upon the zebra that he killed, earlier.  Richard Parker lunged at Pi, and they had a continued dance of death during this day at sea!

As night fell,  Pi saw that the tiger had eaten every other living thing!  He was floating on a table that was near to the boat, as Pi saw Richard Parker eying him, hungrily!  Yet, Pi managed to write a rescue note, which he put within a can, then he set off to float. 

As the next day came, Pi read on how to survive at sea from books that were afloat from the wrecked ship.  He would sneak back to the boat occassionally, getting life supplies, while avoiding Richard Parker.  He read his book, which gave details on how to survive with a loose and wild carnivore

Pi was encouraged to steer his raft back to the canoe with Richard!  There, Pi saw that the tiger had become seasick.  Yet, Richard Parker was in no mood to share his turf, as he growled to proclaim territory, then he lifted a back leg, pissing on Pi!

Later, Pi managed to maneuver back and forth between his raft and the boat with Richard to give the tiger water.  He learned to fish in order to feed himself and Richard.  At one point, the tiger saw a fish swimming in the water, so he lept for it.  Pi was in the water, fishing also, and he jumped back onto the raft when he saw Richard Parker approaching him!

Pi and the tiger wound up in a standoff.  Richard Parker still was in the water, and he remained there.  Pi moved to rescue the cat, as it stayed aboard the raft with some canned food.  He learned to fish more, also. 

One night was amazing, as their raft suddenly was surrounded by glowing jellyfish!  Then, a blue whale lept from the ocean waters, creating an enormous splash!  This caused Pi to lose all of his supplies and his caught food!

Pi and Richard Parker found themselves surrounded by a brigade of jellyfish and tuna.  The man and the big cat had a standoff over a large yellowfin tuna.  Yet, Pi emerged victorious, eating the fish raw!

Pi attempted to try teaching Richard Parker that he did not have to keep leaping in and out of the ocean waters for food and necessities.  He attempted to tame the tiger, yet it was very dangerous!  Time passed, as Pi stayed on his makeshift raft, and Richard Parker kept the canoe.

Tending to the tiger gave Pi the will to survive.  It was days later when Pi saw a tanker sailing in the distance.  He had flares to use, and he did shoot some into the sky.  They were not seen, and Pi waited until night to shoot more of them.  Yet, that did not serve to his benefit, either.

The next day, a whale and a dolphin appeared in the water.  Night fell, and Pi spoke to Richard Parker.  The tiger was staring into the ocean, entranced by the sight of sea creatures swimming beneath the water.   At this time, Pi reflected upon his odyssey, recalling the sunken ship that he and Richard Parker escaped.

The next day, a storm was approaching their raft.  Pi constructed a sail, but it was blown overboard.  He went after it, then got back aboard as the storm intensified.  Pi encouraged Richard Parker to watch the clouds, which he interpreted as the appearance of God!  Pi asked Him what more He wanted, as Pi had lost nearly everything.

The storm raged more, pushing Richard Parker off of the raft, then back onto it.  The storm calmed, more time passed, as Pi tried to bring sustenance to an increasingly ailing Richard Parker.  Pi knew that the tiger was dying, so he held the cat’s head in his lap as he spoke to the spirits of his parents.  Then, Pi thanked God for giving him life, declaring himself ready for what was to come.

Their raft eventually washed up toward an island.  Pi ate some of the grass, and some of the vegetables growing.  He walked further inland, where he saw lemurs running through an area filled with trees.  Pi lept into a nearby lake, as the lemurs stood back from the still-powerful presence of Richard Parker.  They nudged Pi, but they ran from Richard!

As night fell, Pi, Richard Parker, and several lemurs slept in a tree.  Pi awoke in the middle of the night, seeing a lake filled with dead fish.  Richard had gone back to the canoe.  Pi found himself trying to avoid areas of the island that seemed carnivorous itself, feeding upon all life on it as night fell!

Time passed, as Pi tried to catch supplies and meerkats to feed himself and Richard Parker.  Pi decided to try leaving with the tiger on a makeshift canoe.  They actually made it to the coast of Mexico, where they washed ashore.  Richard Parker ran into the jungle, never to be seen again!

Pi eventually was rescued, yet he was sad because Richard Parker was gone.  He was able to tell his story to a reporter.  Pi told that he was upset because he was not able to thanking Richard Parker for having taught him how to survive, and for not having said goodbye. 

A Japanese sea vessel transported Pi to a Mexican hospital.  There, no one believed Pi’s story!  Yet, he opted to tell another version where four people had survived this ship sinking.  He even included the survival of the ship’s cook, who prepared rats for them to feed upon until rescue!  Yet, Pi said that the cook had become very sick, needing a leg amputated, then dying before he could be seen by these reporters!

Growing into a young man, Pi was interviewed by an U.S. reporter about living in India during his youth, and his sea odyssey.  The reporter translated Pi’s story, telling of two ships, the tiger, and the amazing adventure.  This one version eventually turned into more versions, yet Pi was glad to be reunited with his family.  Pi officially let one reporter have his story! 

 Life of Pi

I am excited that The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey will be premiering soon!  This updated version of the classic tale is sure to be exciting, as it takes the story into an actual prequel of The Lord of the Rings adventures!  The Hobbit:  An Unexpected Journey opens December 14!

Next week features the premiere of Killing Them Softly, featuring Casey Affleck, Javier Bardem, James Gandolfini, and Brad Pitt.  December has Django Unchained, The Guilt Trip, The ImpossibleJack ReacherLes Miserables, Parental Guidance, Playing For Keeps, and This Is 40.  There is much, much more before 2012 bangs to a close!

'tiger-025.gif

 

 

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Lo Esta Oficial….

November 22, 2012 at 11:10 PM (current news, historic review, legal issues, political atmosphere, public debate, social opinion, web gossip)


¡Interesante!  Yo no supe eso.  I think that many people did not know that, as I am cautious to say that some Mexicans might not even have known that fact!  Well, it is good that it is being declared publicly.  Hopefully, it will be used within regular circulation, globally.

Out of my little pocket niche of the planet, I was not consistently aware that the official name of the nation that sits immediately south of The United States of America is The Mexican United StatesNo, it is not just México!  I am somewhat upset with myself for not immediately recalling, being immediately aware of that fact!

I think that I have spoken with some associates of Mexican familial legacy about the name of this nation being The Mexican United States.  Yet, it was a brief conversation, as the information did not stick.  I always have gone along with the so-called understanding that it is México, without doing any real fact-checking that might have lead me to an actual realization.

México won independence from Spain during 1821.  Three years later, during 1824, the leaders of the newly-formed nation deemed it with the official name of The Mexican United States.  Yet, it seems that only the politicians and international dealers of this nation actually use the official name.   

Exiting Mexican President Felipe Calderón has made a legislative proposal to the nation’s congressional body.  This motion is to make the name be set officially as México.  Incoming Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto will work with the Mexican congress to decide as to whether or not the name change actually will be made.

El Presidente Calderón stated, “It’s time that we Mexicans retake the beauty and simplicity of our Motherland’s name:  México”.  Indeed, he likely is correct, as most people likely refer to the nation simply as México anyway (not pronouncing, or not knowing to pronounce the x with an h sound…).  Calderón likely is correct in stating that the rest of the world identifies them simply as México anyway, so he feels that their nation should stick with that, being proud of the single name!  ¡Lo está oficial!

Photo: A man and two women dancing in traditional costume

SEE THESE SITES!!!

 http://m.cnn.com/primary/cnnd_fullarticle?articleId=cnn/2012/11/22/world/americas/mexico-name-change&branding=&category=cnnd_world_americas&pagesize=10  

http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/22/world/americas/mexico-name-change   

http://www.chacha.com/question/what-is-the-official-name-of-mexico

http://www.onepagenews.com/…/Mexico…makes-its-name-official.htm

http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Mexico.html

http://www.life123.com/…/menopause/How-Mexico-Got-Its-Name

http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107779 

Flag Mexico animated gif 240x180

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Hanging At The Solar System’s End!

November 22, 2012 at 12:44 AM (astronomy topics, curious research, current news, extraterrestrial studies, late night studies, public debate, science and technology, web gossip) (, , , , )


The outer regions of our solar system are being examined now with increasing interest and enthusiasm!  What once may have been thought of as a distant and dull region of space now is being enlivened due to recent research and discoveries.  Indeed, what appears to be an entirely exotic and spectacular scene is appearing within an area once believed to be the empty backyard of our cosmic neighborhood!

I still think that if Pluto at all was to be concerned about Earth’s opinion of it’s status within our solar system, the world quickly would give a dismissive laugh!  The probable truth is that there is so much happening within the general Pluto neighborhood.  It likely could be perceived that the dwarf planet would not have the time to bother with what Earth has decided about it’s stance within space!

Pluto is one of five dwarf planets within our solar system that are being acknowledged, at this point.  Most of them exist beyond Pluto’s orbit, likely recognized as members of The Kuiper Belt.  These are the most-distant, known objects of our solar system.  It is the dwarf planet Ceres, sometimes designated as an asteroid, which is located within The Asteroid Belt.

As well, there is The Oort Cloud!  Located at about one light year from The Sun, 4.6 trillion miles, this has been called “the icy shell” of our solar system.  It’s actual existence is in debate within the scientific community, as some do, and some do not want to state that The Oort Cloud really is out there!  Current studies are showing that the asteroids, comets, and planetesimals of this region were formed in an area of the solar system nearer to The Sun.  Yet, the gravitational forces of the inner planets, along with the extreme force exerted by Jupiter, slung these objects to the furthest areas of the solar system, just held in place by the gravitational power of The Sun.

Past The Oort Cloud is true interstellar space!  Yet, the cloud itself consists of asteroids, along with many bodies of ice and rock, which surround the solar system.  From this region, rocky objects often are ejected, then flung inward to become comets.  It is when these objects interact with other bodies in-toward The Sun that they can become dangerous items that may be on courses to strike the planets, even Earth!

SEE THESE SITES!!!

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Oort_cloud.aspx
http://www.space.com/16401-oort-cloud-the-outer-solar-system-s-icy-shell.htmlhttp://web.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/dwarfplanets/
http://www.gps.caltech.edu/classes/ge133/reading/oort.pdf
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=OortCloud
http://www.space.com/13403-dwarf-planet-eris-pluto-twin.html
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VSj-PaDlCrw
http://www.solarsystemquick.com/kuiper_belt.htm
http://science.nasa.gov/…/focus-areas/outer-solar-system
http://news.discovery.com/…lurking-in-the-outer-solar-system

 
 
      

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Lookin’ WAAAAAAAY Back!

November 17, 2012 at 9:36 PM (Uncategorized) (, , , , , , )


This is some place to which we will never, NEVER, get, not even with satellites, so do not even bother!  Yet, it does not hurt to imagine, to look, and to study in the event that something observable out there could serve as useful on some level that has not yet been recognized.  Plus, it always is a good thing to collect details for study and review purposes!

Astronomers and other scientific researchers have succeeded in locating what is believed to be the farthest-known object within our known universe.  At a distance of roughly 13.3 billion light years away from Earth, a view has been caught of the location now designated as MACS0647-JD.  Through the use of the powerful Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes, scientifc researchers have been able to capture images of this galaxy, which is being seen as it existed merely 420 years after The Big  Bang!

The image of this galaxy that has been viewed shows it as it existed at three percent of it’s current age.  The research is stating that the universe itself was little more than 420 million years old.  The galaxy, MACS0647-JD, seems to exist at nearly 2.5 times smaller than our Milky Way.  The observing astronomers believe that it will merge with smaller galaxies that are near to it, thus assembling into a cosmic collection of greater scale!

MACS0647-JD was discovered by The CLASH Survey.  This program works with The Advanced Camera For Surveys, and The Hubble Space Telescope’s Wide-Field Camera 3.  Through the uses of these tools of cosmic information collection, this ancient galaxy, along with twenty-five galactic clusters are being studied.

The observations made by Hubble Telescope’s Wide Field Camera 3 and it’s Advanced Camera for Surveys initially located MACS0647-JD.  Confirmations of the galaxy’s actual distance were made by The Spitzer Space Telescope.   Additionally, a the use of a naturally-occurring celestial phenomenon called a gravitational lens was used to get a clear view of the galaxy.  The phenomenon actually is a collection of galaxies itself which produces this area through which light can pass due to the warping of spacetime through the collective gravitational forces emitted by these objects!

Farthest Known Galaxy in the Universe Discovered

SEE THESE SITES!!!

http://www.cbsnews.com/…known-galaxy-in-the-universe-discovered
http://www.space.com/18502-farthest-galaxy-discovery-hubble-photos.html
http://www.redorbit.com/…galaxymacs0647-jd-hubble-spitzer-111512
http://www.foxnews.com/science/2012/11/16/farthest-known-galaxy-in-universe-discovered/
http://spaceflightnow.com/news/n0402/15lens
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/distance-record.html
http://www.wbal.com/…Farthest-Known-Galaxy-With-A-Little-Help
http://mathaba.net/news/?x=631955
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/16/most-distant-galaxy-earth_n_2143376.html?utm_campaign=111612&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Alert-science&utm_content=Photo
The Galaxy
 

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A Rediculous Roll Call?

November 13, 2012 at 1:57 AM (Uncategorized) (, , , , , , )


I do not know how anyone is keeping count with how many galaxies are supposed to have been identified at this point!  Now, while doing some online nerd searching, I get to a regular science site where I read an e-clip about some of the latest research that is happening.  Scientists in the land down under have plans to make an amazing tally of newly-discovered galaxies through the use of their latest, deep-viewing instrument.

The Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder, ASKAP, currently is within it’s final stages of review.  It’s construction was completed just this year, and it is located on the facility of The Murchison Radio-Astonomy Observatory, Western Australia.  Through the use of this radio telescope, astronomers will be able to observe objects into the deepest ranges currently possible of spacetime, hoping to gain greater understandings about deep-rooted topics that include the mechanics behind the origins of the universe!

No one ever will know something like how many galaxies there are in the universe.  Yet, there are regular scientific researchers working to keep a seemingly close count.  The 2df Galaxy Redshift Survey seems to be reporting something along the lines of 458,752 observable galaxies (these may have been 2006 results…).

During 2013, ASKAP will be functioning to precede the astronomical viewings of The Square Kilometre Array.  This telescopic tool actually will be an extensive arrangement of sensitively functioning devices that will be strategically situated at locations across Australia and New Zealand.  The instruments will work in conjunction within these precise positions of both nations to pick up signals from deep space, some of which are expected to have been transmitted before the creation of the very first stars!

Updates with the latest astronomical tools will help to bring more clarified views of our neighborhood of the universe.  This involves updated studies that include reviews of our Local Group.  Right now, we recognize our Milky Way Galaxy, Andromeda Galaxy, along with a little more than thirty galaxies and Messier objects as members of our galactic family.  It is certain that clarifications will come with several of the current presentations, including whether or not some galaxies will remain as “members” of The Group, if some will be expelled, or if new members will be inducted!

   SEE THESE SITES!!!  

http://messier.seds.org/more/local.html

http://www.universe-galaxies-stars.com/Observable_universe.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJD8QqaJyws

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-many-galaxies-are-there.html

http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=162473

…on the astronomy vibe, I was with this flow earlier.

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An Extra-Solar World That Seems Like Home?

November 8, 2012 at 10:44 PM (Uncategorized) (, , , , , )


I have been away from my scene for a minute, trying to get a hold on some things which I hope will bring some enlightening to other areas of the life setting.  That will have me involved with other activities which now have gained my enthusiasm.  Yet, I do intend to continue with my online curiosities!

Also, congratulations to President Barack Obama!  You always had support here, and you will continue to have a following from this direction.  We are looking forward to a progressive and prosperous four more years under your leadership, as we continue to remind the rest of the planet why The United States of America IS the greatest nation on Earth!

I took some time to stray from other recent priorities to return to some of my favorite areas of study, which include astronomy.  I have gotten stuck on trying to learn about the possibility of habitable worlds beyond our solar system, and the actuality of our ever being able to get to any of these places.  Astronomers and other space-studying scientists are making so many remarkable discoveries about what is out there that it is actually astounding!

One recent discovery is of a K-type main sequence star that has been labeled as HD 40307.  This star is roughly 43 light years away from Earth, situated within The Pictor Constellation.  It is located near to The Large Magellanic Cloud.  This is visible from the southern hemisphere.

Right now, HD 40307 is attracting attention because it has an ample number of worlds orbiting it, some of which having the possibilities of being habitable!  Astronomers and other scientific researchers have been able to identify six super-Earth worlds in orbit of HD 40307!  It seems that most of the planets practically are sitting on top of the star, in locations far too hot to support any manners of discernable life.  Five of them are in positions closer to HD 40307 than Mercury is to The Sun!  However, a lastly identified planet, HD 40307 g, seems to be out far enough to be regularly temperate for life to chance-appear!

HD 40307 g seems to be orbiting the star HD 40307 within the realm of the habitable zone.  Also referred to as The Goldilocks Zone, this is where things are “not too hot and not too cold”, practically perfect for supporting life!  Further observations of this world show that it is tidally locked, meaning that one side of HD 40307 always faces it’s host star.

HD 40307 b and HD 40307 d are attracting attentiong because they are being designated as Super Earth worlds.  These are extra-solar planets which are more massive than our Earth, yet not as massive as the larger worlds, gas giants akin to Jupiter and Saturn.  Many have objected to the term Super Earth because it does imply that the planet could be a seemingly plush world, filled with forests, possibly with critters roaming about, and maybe even a sentient species waiting to be contacted.  That is NOT what was meant when the researchers placed the term “Super Earth”, so I am not sure why they stuck with it.

Artist's conception of HD 40307g
An artist’s conception shows what astronomers hope to confirm: water and an atmosphere at 40307g.

SEE THESE SITES!!!

http://www.universetoday.com/98379/astronomers-find-tantalizing-hints-of-a-potentially-habitable-exoplanet/
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/08/hd-40307g-alien-planet_n_2092308.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-20249753
http://digitaljournal.com/article/336423
http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/sciencefair/2012/11/07/habitable-super-earth/1690169/
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/49737634
http://www.centauri-dreams.org/?p=25455

Congratulations,

PRESIDENT Obama!

http://www.npr.org/2012/11/07/164578524/obama-wins-popular-vote-controls-electoral-college

American flag animated animated_us_flag.gif photo

 

 

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